History of the chess





   The history of the chess is quite a complex issue which is not easy to be interpreted by any of the scientists, but it is still being researched.

   Chess is the game developed from India. The time of the origin is still unknown and is the matter of hot disputes. The scientists came to the conclusion that the chess came into existence in 1st century a.d. in Northern India. It is assumed that the chess were the "desk release" of many wars but with no bloodshed that is why they were of the great interest among the rulers of the ancient countries, who could fight each other without making any harm to their people.

   Many scientists suppose that the modern chess originate from the ancient game called "chaturanga" which had khasti, ratkha, ashva, padati and radja figures. Later this game was called "chaturradja" (the game of four kings) in which the figures were located in different corners of the 64-square board. As the 64-square board was appeared in the very that time, the development of the chess is agreed to be dated same time.

   There is one more ancient legend which tells us about one clever peasant. Once he came to the King and told him on the new game. The king liked the new game (which we now call chess) very much, but the peasant asked him to solve a proposed problem promising then to explain the rules of the game in detail instead. The king agreed. The problem was as follows: to put one bean on the square of the chess board and proceed with the condition that the number of beans put on the next square is to be arising in square, i.e. ^2. That is, 1 bean on the 1st square, 2 beans on the 2nd square, 4 beans on the 3rd square and so forth. The king laughed saying we would solve the problem easily. He commanded his people to open up the granary and called the servants. Everyone started making calculations but they realized the mission was impossible. There were no so many beans on the whole planet! The king was unable to fulfill the condition, but the peasant still explained the rules of the game to him. As a reward, the king ordered to give him the whole reserves of the beans from the granary and the peasant shared this among all people. This is the legend the history of the chess starts from.

   The chess is practically infinite even if the human started playing in the Adam and Eve times, the whole possible games would not have been played by now.